Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée
7, rue Raulin, F-69365 Lyon cedex 07
E-mail : Bahramiyan.Saeid[at]gmail[dot]com
Michèle Casanova (Univ. Lyon 2, Archéorient)
Dr. Kamal Aldin Niknami (Univ. de Téheran, Iran)
Geoarcaheological study of the hominins occupations in the Western Piedmonts of the Central Zagros Mountains (the Northern Piedmonts of Susiana, Deh Luran and Mehran Plains) during the Upper Pleistocen
Résumé de la thèse
Because of the varied landscape and suitable environmental conditions the Iranian Plateau has a high potential for attracting human populations from the past to the present. In terms of geographical location, Iran is located between West and East Asia and it connects southwest Asia to the central and eastern parts of Asia, and could always be used as one of the migration routes of Pleistocene humans. Although in the last two decades, the presence of proficient researchers and the beginning of professional researches on the activities of Pleistocene humans in the mountainous regions of Zagros and Alborz, piedmont regions, plains, edge of deserts and the coastlines provide some interesting information that have reinforced the above thesis, but some areas are less considered and there is limited information about the Paleolithic periods. Among these unknown regions, the western piedmonts of Central Zagros in western Iran can be mentioned, which has always been one of the natural communication corridors of the Pleistocene period and even nowadays in western Iran.Our study area includes the northern piedmont parts of Susiana, Deh Luran and Mehran plains (the piedmonts between the Zagros Mountains and the lowlands), which several sites of the Paleolithic periodsaccidentally discovered in these areas in recent years, indicating the high potential of this area in Paleolithic studies. Since most of the Paleolithic sites identified in this area are adjacent to water resources and the available raw material resources in these piedmonts, it is essential to study the geological, geomorphological and physical geography features of the area. Also, it is important to conduct a precise archaeological survey and systematic sampling in order to study the techno-typology of assemblages of each site and to determine their exact function, as well as to using laboratory methods such as petrography, geochemical, XRF and microscopic images to identify chemical composition and chemicalcharacteristics of raw materials that used to recognizing the resources of these raw materials. Based on these studies, geological features and geographic landscape of the study area can be studied in the formation of Paleolithic sites and their distribution in the study area. It is possible to analyze the settlement patterns of the sites based on other environmental and climatic information.
In general, the precise archaeological survey and identification of more Paleolithic sites in this region and analysis of their settlement patterns in the general landscape of the region can provide useful information about the dispersal and adaptability of the Paleolithic groups with the environment of this area, including the patterns used in the raw materials procurement and stone economic for archaeologists, We are trying to present a better perspective on the situation of the settlement patterns of Paleolithic in this area and the importance of this part of Iran in Paleolithic studies and doing geoarchaeological investigation on the Paleolithic sites relying on archaeological, geological, geomorphological, physical geography, laboratory methods, and the utilization of environmental and climatic information in the study area in this extensive landscapes and recognizing their probable role.