UMR 5133

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Laboratoire Archéorient

Environnements et sociétés de l'Orient ancien

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WILLCOX George

WILLCOX George

WILLCOX George
Catégorie
Chercheur
Coordonnées

Antenne de Jalès 07460 Berrias
Laboratoire Archéorient
Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée 
7, rue Raulin, F-69365 Lyon cedex 07  
Téléphone : 04 75 89 80 24
E-mail : gwillcox[at]wanadoo[dot]fr

Fonctions

- Archéobotaniste
- Directeur de Recherche au CNRS (DR1)
- Membre du Conseil de Laboratoire d'Archéorient

Site WEB : http://perso.orange.fr/g.willcox/

Thèmes de recherche

Ma recherche se concentre sur le passage entre l'économie de chasse-cueillette et l'économie de production, c'est-à-dire l'origine de l'agriculture au Proche-Orient. Elle se base sur les données archéobotaniques provenant des résultats d'analyse de restes végétaux carbonisés datant du début du Néolithique entre 11 500 et 10 000 BP cal.

Cette recherche permet de comprendre, non seulement l'histoire de la domestication des plantes, mais également l'histoire du milieu naturel dans lequel l'homme agit et en particulier le déboisement. Les sites en question sont les suivants : Jerf el Ahmar, Cheikh Hassan, Dja'de, Tell Qaramel ,Tell Ab'r, Asikli Höyük et Tell Aswad. Cette recherche constitue un projet à long terme qui nécessite une étude de la flore actuelle, la mise au point de critères de détermination et de l'expérimentation. Ainsi l'étude archéobotanique s'associe-t-elle à d'autres disciplines comme la zoologie, la géoarchéologie, les analyses géochimiques, l'ADN et la palynologie. Nous avons constitué une banque d'images avec plus de 500 photo numériques des morphotypes fossiles, accessible sur le web.

Reste d’un épi d’orge carbonisé dans un fragment de pisé.
Aratashen (Armènie). © George Willcox

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliographie

Ouvrages (sélection)
- Damania A., Valkoun J., Willcox G., Qualset C. eds 1999 The Origins of Agriculture and Crop Domestication. ICARDA, Aleppo pp 352.
- Associate Editor Vegetation History and Archaeobotany Springer Berlin / Heidelberg ISSN0939-6314 (Print) 1617-6278 (Online)

Publications

Müller-Neuhof B, Betts A, Willcox G. 2015 Jawa, Northeastern Jordan: The First 14C Dates for the ealy occupation phase. Zeitschrift für Orient Archäologie. Band 8. 124-131.

Pourkheirandish M., Hensel G., Kilian B., Senthil N., Chen G., Sameri M., Azhaguvel P., Sakuma S., Dhanagond S., Sharma R., Mascher M., Himmelbach A., Gottwald S., Nair S., Tagiri A., Yukuhiro F., Nagamura Y., Kanamori H., Matsumoto T., Willcox G., Middleton C., Wicker T., Walther A., Waugh R., Fincher G., Stein N., Kumlehn J., Sato K., Komatsuda T., 2015 “Evolution of the Grain Dispersal System in Barley”. Cell 162, 527–539.

Badaeva, E. Keilwagen, J. Knüpffer, H. Waßermann, L. Dedkova, O. Mitrofanova, O. Kovaleva, O. Liapunova, Pukhalskiy, V. Özkan, H. Graner, A. Willcox, G. Kilian, B. 2015 Chromosomal Passports Provide New Insights into Diffusion of Emmer Wheat. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0128556. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0128556

Thy P. Willcox G. Barfod G.H. and Fuller D.Q. 2015 Anthropogenic Origin of Siliceous Scoria Droplets from Pleistocene and Holocene Archaeological Sites in Northern Syria. Journal of Archaeological Science 54:193-209.

Willcox G 2014 Near East (Including Anatolia): Origins and Development of Agriculture Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology Ed. Claire Smith, Springer. pp 5208-5222

Willcox G. 2014 Les premiers indices de la culture des céréales au Proche-Orient. In La transition néolithique en méditerranée. Sous la direction de Claire Manen, Thomas Perrin et Jean Guilaine. 47-58 Errance Arles.

Willcox G. 2014 Food in the Early Neolithic of the Near East. In Lucio Milano (ed.) Paleonutrition and food practices in the ancient Near East. History of the Ancient Near East: Monographs (Padova). Vol. XIV 1-10.

Willcox G, Nesbitt M, Bittmann F. 2012 (sous presse) From collecting to cultivation: transitions to a production economy in the Near East. (Editorial). Special Issue The Origins of agriculture in the Near East. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 21/2.

Willcox G, Stordeur D. 2012 (sous presse) Large-scale cereal processing before domestication during the tenth millennium BC cal. in northern Syria. Antiquity Volume 86, Issue 331.

Tanno K, Willcox G, Muhesen S, Nishiaki Y, KanjoY, Akazawa T. 2012 (sous presse) Preliminary Results from Analyses of Charred Plant Remains from a Burnt Natufian Building at Dederiyeh Cave in Northwest Syria. In Ofer Bar-Yosef and François R. Valla. (Eds) The Natufian Culture of the Levant II. International Monographs in Prehistory, Ann Arbor.

Willcox 2012 (sous presse) Pre-domestic cultivation during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene in the northern Levant. In Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Steve B. Brush, Ardeshir B. Damania, Patrick E. McGuire and Calvin O. Qualset. Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and Sustainability. Cambridge University Press. Fuller

D. Willcox G. Allaby R. 2011 Cultivation and domestication had multiple origins: arguments against the core area hypothesis for the origins of agriculture in the Near East. World Archaeology. Special Issue, Debates in World Archaeology .43:4, 628-652.

Fuller D, Willcox G., Allaby R. 2011 Early agricultural pathways: moving outside the 'core area' hypothesis in Southwest Asia. Journal of Experimental Botany. doi: 10.1093/jxb/err307

Willcox G., Savard M. 2011 Botanical evidence for the adoption of cultivation in southeast Turkey. In Mehmet Özdogan, Nezih Basgelen, Peter Kuniholm (eds), The Neolithic in Turkey, new excavations and new research. Archaeology and Art Publications, Istanbul. 267-280.

Willcox G. 2011 Témoignages d'une agriculture précoce à Shillourokambos. étude du Secteur 1. In Jean Guilaine, François Briois, Jean-Denis Vigne (Eds) Shillourokambos, un établissement néolithique pré-céramique à Chypre les fouilles du secteur 1. Errance, Paris. 569- 575.

Tanno K. Willcox G. 2011. Distinguishing wild and domestic wheat and barley spikelets from early Holocene sites in the Near East . Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. DOI: 10.1007/s00334-011-0316-0

Willcox G. 2011 . Searching for the origins of arable weeds in the Near East. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. DOI: 10.1007/s00334-011-0307-1.

Stordeur D. Helmer D. Jamous B. Khawam R. Molist M. Willcox G. 2010. Le PPNB de Syrie du Sud à travers les découvertes récentes à Tell Aswad. In Al-Maqdissi M. Braemer F. Dentzer J-M . Eds. Hauran V La Syrie Du Sud Du Néolithique À L'antiquité Tardive Recherches Récentes. Actes Du Colloque De Damas 2007. Vol 1. Beyrouth, 41-68.

Ozkan H. Willcox G. Graner A. Salamini F. Kilian B. 2010. Geographic distribution and domestication of wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution . 58/1:11-53.

Willcox G. 2009. Gordon Hillman's pioneering influence on Near Eastern archaeobotany, a personal appraisal. In. From Foragers to Farmers; papers in honour of Gordon C. Hillman. Eds Andrew Fairbairn & Ehud Weiss. Oxbow Books, 15-18.

Willcox G, Buxo R, Herveux L. 2009. Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene climate and the beginnings of cultivation in northern Syria. The Holocene 19,1 151-158.

Stordeur D., Willcox G. 2009. Indices de culture et d'utilisation des céréales à Jerf el Ahmar. In De Méditerranée et d'ailleus... Mélanges offerts à Jean Guilaine. Archives d'Ecologie Préhistorique. Toulouse.

Willcox G. 2008. Nouvelles données archéobotaniques de Mureybet et la néolithisation du moyen Euphrate. p103-114 in J. Ibañez (ed.) Le site néolithique de Tell Mureybet (Syrie du Nord), en hommage à Jacques Cauvin. BAR International Series, 1843 (1).

Hovsepyan R. Willcox G., 2008 The earliest finds of cultivated plants in Armenia: evidence from charred remains and crop processing residues in pise from the Neolithic settlements of Aratashen and Aknashen. Veget Hist Archaeobot. 17/1 :63-71.

Willcox, G. Fornite S. Herveux L.2008. Early Holocene cultivation before domestication in northern Syria. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 17/3:313-325.

Willcox G. and Savard M. 2007 Güneydogu anadolu'da tarimin benimsenmesine iliskin botanik veriler. In özdogan M. and Basgelen N. Türkiye'de Neolitik Dönem. 427-440. Metinler, Istanbul.

Willcox G. 2007 The adoption of farming and the beginnings of the Neolithic in the Euphrates valley: cereal exploitation between the 12th and the 8th millennium BC cal. In S. Colledge and J. Conolly (Eds). The origins and spread of domestic plants in Southwest Asia and Europe. 21-36. Left Coast Press. California. Erratum, 1) in the original version but corrected in this version Fig. 2,7 for " Emmer (single-grained)" read" Einkorn (single-grained)". 2) Figure 2,3 Stipa was not identified at Mureybet but is present in the diagram.

Willcox G. 2007 Le blé sauvage des premiers agricultures. La Recherche (mars) 58-61:406

Willcox G. and Tanno K. 2006 How and When Was Wild Wheat Domesticated? Letters Science 21 July Vol. 313. no. 5785, p. 296.
Tanno K. Willcox G. 2006a How fast was wild wheat domesticated? Science 311:1886.

Tanno K. Willcox G. 2006b The origins of cultivation of Cicer arietinum L. and Vicia faba L.: Early finds from north west Syria (Tell el-Kerkh, late 10th millennium BP). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 15:197-204.

Willcox G. 2005 The distribution, natural habitats and availability of wild cereals in relation to their domestication in the Near East: multiple events, multiple centres. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 14/4:534-541.

Willcox G. 2004a Measuring grain size and identifying Near Eastern cereal domestication: evidence from the Euphrates valley. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:145-50.

Willcox G. 2003d The origins of Cypriot farming. In (Eds). Jean Guilaine & Alain Le Brun. Le Néolithique de Chypre. Actes du Colloque International Organisé par le Département des Antiquités de Chypre et l'Ecole Française d'Athènes. Nicosie 17-19 mai 2001.Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique Supplement 43:231-238.

Willcox G. 2002c Evidence for ancient forest cover and deforestation from charcoal analysis of ten archaeological sites on the Euphrates. In Charcoal Analysis. Methodological Approaches, Palaeoecological Results and Wood Uses. Ed. S. Thiébault BAR Int. Series 1063:141-145.

Willcox G. 2002a Charred plant remains from a late tenth millennium kitchen at Jerf el Ahmar (Syria). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 11:55-60.

Roitel V. Willcox G. 2000 Analysis of charcoal from Abu Hureyra in Moore A.M.T. Hillman G. Legge T. Village on the Euphrates. 544-547. Oxford University Press.
Willcox G. 2000 Présence des Céréales dans le Néolithique Préceramique de Shillourokambos à Chypre. Paléorient 26/1 129-135.

Willcox G. 2000 De la cueillette à l'agriculture. Pour la science N°274 : 36-40.
Damania A., Valkoun J., Willcox G., Qualset C. eds 1999 The Origins of Agriculture and Crop Domestication. ICARDA Aleppo pp 352. http://www.ipgri.cgiar.org/publications/HTMLPublications/47/begin.htm

Willcox, G. & Fornite S. 1999 Impressions of wild cereal chaff in pisé from the tenth millennium at Jerf el Ahmar and Mureybet: northern Syria. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 8 (1-2):14-21.

Willcox G 1999 Charcoal analysis and Holocene vegetation history in southern Syria. In Quaternary Science Reviews Special issue INQA symposium Ankara, the late Quaternary in the Eastern Mediterranean 711-716.

Willcox, G. 1996 Evidence for plant exploitation and vegetation history from three Early Neolithic pre-pottery sites on the Euphrates (Syria) Archaeobotany and Vegetation History. 5:143-152.

Willcox G., 1991 Exploitation des espéces ligneuses au Proche Orient: Données anthracologiques. Paléorient, vol. 17/2. 117-126.

Willcox G., 1977 Exotic Plants from Roman waterlogged sites in London. Journal of Archaeological Science 4, 269-282.

Willcox G., 1974 A history of deforestation as indicated by charcoal analysis of four sites in eastern Anatolia. Anatolian Studies. Vol. XXIV 117-133.

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